India seeks FTAs with nations that may assist `Atmanirbhar’ journey in EVs


Following President Ram Nath Kovind’s visit to landlocked Bolivia last year, Indian side is planning to conduct a feasibility study to explore the possibility of signing the Free Trade Agreement with that country.Following President Ram Nath Kovind’s go to to landlocked Bolivia final 12 months, Indian facet is planning to conduct a feasibility research to discover the potential of signing the Free Commerce Settlement with that nation.

India has set a goal of 2030 by when it needs all its autos transformed into an electrical platform. However with the newest face-off with China, which has created a bottleneck within the provide of uncooked supplies, India is taking a look at nations in South America and Africa that are wealthy in minerals like Lithium and Cobalt.

India has already been reaching out to nations within the `Lithium Triangle’ – Argentina, Bolivia, and Chile in South America and has been assembly with officers in Congo, South Africa as they’ve large deposits of Lithium and Cobalt. These two minerals are wanted to understand its aim for changing all autos into EV by 2030.

In 2019, there had been hectic diplomatic in addition to ministerial engagements with these nations and the primary focus was on India in search of joint ventures, acquisition, in addition to exploration rights within the Lithium mines and entry to cobalt too.

These minerals are required not just for the EVs but additionally for making laptops, cellphones, photo voltaic panel batteries and so on.

The engagement with these nations has picked up lately, because the tensions with China has introduced the import of uncooked supplies to a standstill.

Whereas Bolivia has dedicated investments in Lithium processing tasks from firms in China and Germany together with Xinjiang TBEA Group of China is planning to take a position round $ 2.three billion and Germany’s ACI Programs has a three way partnership with the state-owned Yacimientos de Litio Bolivianos with a promised funding of $ 900 million for extraction in Uyuni.

Each India and Bolivia have agreed to a three way partnership for organising Lithium Battery/Cell manufacturing India and to facilitate Bolivian provides of lithium Carbonate to India.

State owned (KABIL) consortium of three PSU firms together with Nationwide Aluminum Firm (NALCO), Hindustan Copper (HCL) and Mineral Exploration Corp Ltd., (MECL) have been travelling to the South American nations in addition to to Congo and South Africa in search of prospects of cooperation.


As has been reported by Monetary Specific On-line the nation has greater than 40% of identified reserves of Lithium, which is usually situated in Salar de Uyuni, the world’s largest salt flat wealthy in Lithium. It’s a giant floor coated with minerals and salt.


Prime diplomats of the nation declare that Argentina has the most important Lithium sources on the planet. And that is primarily based on the excessive exploration exercise lately.


Chile has 48% of the entire lithium reserves on the planet, situated primarily within the Salar de Atacama, and Salar de Maricunga. International firms together with SQM,

SCM, Rockwood, SLM, Mineria Li, Comino, Corfo, Codelco, Simbalik, Albemarle, amongst others are already current. There are different Salars too the place the Lithium mineral is discovered and the exploration is happening.

The demand s anticipated to go up as this additionally utilized in photo voltaic panels and which use Lithium-ION primarily based batteries and India has set a goal of 100 GW of solar energy technology by 2022.

Free Commerce Settlement (FTAs)

The federal government has lately proposed a significant shift in its Foreign Trade Policy underneath which it plans to discover FTAs with nations which will help India in its journey in direction of `Atmanirbhar Bharat’ mission and assist in offering the uncooked supplies in addition to the vital parts and so on required for manufacturing actions.

The Division for Promotion of Business and Inside Commerce (DPIIT), Ministry of Commerce has mining agreements and ink FTAs with nations that are resource-rich in Latin America and Africa.

An inside presentation by DPIIT specializing in efforts to spice up industrial progress in India has instructed FTAs will assist. And nations together with Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Congo, South Africa wealthy in mineral sources, particularly lithium and cobalt have been recognized.

How will the FTA assist?

It’s an settlement wherein the member nations cut back tariffs on commerce amongst themselves, and keep their very own tariff charges for commerce with non-members.

An knowledgeable who wished to stay nameless advised Monetary Specific On-line, “Over time India has tried to diversify its export locations and import provides. And, whether it is gaining momentum by way of FTAs with these nations it solely exhibits the resolve of the federal government to make sure common and dependable import provides for self-reliant manufacturing not solely in an environment-friendly method within the Car Sector however fairly usually.” “This additionally reiterates {that a} self-reliant India is able to have interaction with the world however with out dropping sight of Supporting home companies. Any consideration of Such an FTA is a realistic technique,” he concluded.

FTAs with nations in Latin America Area – South-South Cooperation

Thus far India already has a commerce settlement with Chile, which is at present, negotiating the growth of the present settlement.

Talks within the India-Mercosur are getting delayed because of inside disagreement between Brazil and Argentina.

Following President Ram Nath Kovind’s go to to landlocked Bolivia final 12 months, Indian facet is planning to conduct a feasibility research to discover the potential of signing the Free Commerce Settlement with that nation. As soon as the research is accomplished, the doorways will open for beginning negotiations and determine merchandise on which the tariffs and different circumstances might be lowered.

Monetary Specific On-line has reported earlier that the 2 nations are eager on increasing their commerce basket and to determine sectors which might assist increase bilateral commerce relations.

Since India and Bolivia are eager on diversifying commerce and industrialization of its mineral sources, a commerce settlement will assist. There are giant deposits of silver, tin, copper, gold which is of curiosity to India.

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